NAP

Mechanisms and Guidelines for Implementation and Monitoring & Evaluation

3.3.1

Mechanisms and Guidelines for Implementation

National climate change adaptation plans are driven and monitored through national plans, sectoral plans, central government plans and area level plan

3.3.2

Guidelines for Monitoring and Evaluation

Periodic monitoring of achievement and progress of operations, and plan reviewing to suit future situations

3.3.1

Mechanisms and Guidelines for Implementation

Integrating climate change adaptation of six sectors into policies and plans at all level to be the climate change adaptation-related operational framework for agencies, create plans or projects and budgets to achieve the objectives and indicators under the National Adaptation Plan as follows:

  • National Plans (such as National Strategy 2018-2037, National Economic and Social Development Plan, National Reform Plan)
  • Sectoral Plans (such as National Health Adaptation Plan 2018-2030, Agriculture Strategic Plan on Climate Change 2017-2021 etc.)
  • Ministerial and Departmental Plan (ministerial or departmental level)
  • Local Development Plans (provincial development plan, local government development plan, specific area development plan)
Figure 6-4 Mechanisms and implementation of the National Adaptation Plan.
3.3.1.1

Institutional arrangement

Institutional arrangement mechanisms at different levels, i.e. national level, working group level, and agency level, as follows;

  • A. National mechanismsi.e. “National Committee on Climate Change Policy (NCCC)”, which have the Prime Minister as chairman, the Minister of Natural Resources and Environment as first vice chairman, the Minister of Foreign Affairs as second vice chairman, and committee consisting of representatives from relevant departments with the Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment as a committee and secretary responsible for determining climate change policies in the country including supervision, monitoring and evaluation of department’s, government’s and all sectors’ performance to follow the plan and achieve goals of the National Adaptation Plan. In addition,the National Committee on Climate Change Policy has established a relevant sub-committee called the “Subcommittee on Climate Change Policy and Planning Integration” which is responsible for supporting actions towards climate change adaptation in all dimensions.
  • B. Mechanisms at the working group level  i.e. “National Working Group on Integration of Adaptation Implementation” under the Subcommittee on Climate Change Policy and Planning Integration which has the Secretary-General of the Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning as working group chairman and a working group consisting of representatives from relevant departments and experts within which sits the Director of Climate Change Management and Coordination Division as a working group and secretary and the Chief of Policy and Planning Section. The Climate Change Management and Coordination Division has the working group and assistant secretary who is responsible for the preparation of the plan, integration of plans into each sector and area, driving the plan into action and monitoring and evaluating climate change adaptation plans.
  • C. Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning as the National Focal Point of the UNFCCCThis acts as the focal point to coordinate and support climate change adaptation actions in accordance with the guidelines/measures of the NAP as well as other related measures and projects, as well as the obligations to the UNFCCC.
  • D. Responsible agencies in each sector  will integrate the guidelines and measures under the National Adaptation Plan into planning processes, formulation of strategies, goals, indicators and plans or projects and budget under each sector or department plan.
3.3.1.2

3) Participation of all relevant sectors, as follows:

  • A. The Government sector (central, regional and local government agencies)plays a role in understanding the impact of climate change on relevant efforts to lead the guidelines and measures under the National Adaptation Plan by integrating target agencies plans, indicators, projects, and budgets to cope with the impact of climate change.
  • B. Thee Private sector (businessmen or entrepreneurs) plays a role in understanding the impact of climate change to businesses and use guidelines and measures contained within the National Adaptation Plan to create continuity management plans or business disaster response plans according to risks. This, or invest in infrastructure to support risks, monitoring, surveillance and assessment of risk continually, capacity building of labour to adapt to climate change, creating CSR Activities to raise awareness of climate change for local communities in the surrounding area, helping small and medium entrepreneurs in the supply chain to cope with the risk of climate change, etc.
  • C. The Public sector (people)  should know the causes, risks and impacts of climate change to the country, occupations, and daily life. In addition to this, understanding the related guidelines and measures under the National Adaptation Plan, adhering to information (such as weather forecasts, warnings, recommendations from government agencies, etc.) and applying this knowledge appropriately.
  • D. The Civil society (Non-Governmental organizations – NGOs) have a role to support the implementation of climate change adaptation according to the guidelines and measures under the National Adaptation Plan and collaborate with the civil society networks at local, national and international levels. Also collaborating with government agencies in capacity building to cope with climate change for people, communities or organizations especially those in risk-prone areas or vulnerable groups.
  • E. Academia (educational institutions) both government and private sectors at all levels have a role in the development of curriculums that focus on causes and impacts of climate change and natural disasters, how to reduce risk of climate change, and allowing students to adapt their lifestyles by applying these in their daily lives. Also, they have a duty to research about risk-related issues, impact and adaptation to climate change in each sector in-depth and disseminating research to the public domain in order to disseminate their knowledge into practice or develop useful technology being innovative.
  • F. The Media with both government and private media playing an important role in presenting information through various channels and influencing public relations on climate change adaptation operations in Thailand and other countries in various sectors. Examples include meetings of global and national cooperation frameworks, knowledge of climate change, weather forecasts and warnings, recommendations from government agencies, reporting of natural disasters in time, practice information to reduce risks of climate change to people and professionals, disseminating relevant research, etc.
  • G. International organizations have a role to support the international cooperation in various systems such as meetings, training, seminars, exchange of experiences, knowledge and academic information, best practices, expert consultation through national plan / project / activities on climate change. This with consideration to contexts of operations on climate change at the international level, supporting budgets for project management-related natural resources as well as promoting international cooperation in managing cross-border natural resources and the environment.
3.3.2

Guidelines for Monitoring and Evaluation

1. The Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning will have monitoring reports and progress of implementation of the National Adaptation Plan, including review plans appropriate to situations in the future by coordinating agencies in the 6 sectors. It will report implementation of the National Adaptation Plan at least once a year and submit it to the Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning which the National Focal Point collects and presents to the National Committee on Climate Change Policy.

2. The monitoring and evaluation of the National Adaptation Plan will be conducted in 4 phases as follows:

Phase 1:
monitoring and evaluation during preparations to create understanding of network collaboration between relevant departments in each sector, creating relevant databases to improve processes of implementation and monitoring under the National Adaptation Plan and/or review and improve the plan in the year 2021 contingent upon there being significant situational changes.
Phase 2:

monitoring and evaluation of mechanism development and capacity building including goals and indicators in each sector to improve and review plans in 2026.

Phase 3:

monitoring and evaluation of progress, goals and indicators in each sector in order to improvement and review goals, indicators, guidelines, measures and evaluation and/or review and improve the plan in the year 2031 contingent upon there being significant situational changes.

Phase 4:

At the end of the plan in 2037, monitoring and evaluation of the achievement vis-à-vis the vision, goals and indicators in each sector in order to use evaluation results in preparation of the National Adaptation Plan in the next cycle of the NAP.

3. The Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning will collaborate with central agencies in the 6 sectors and related departments in each sector to prepare the format of monitoring and evaluating reports of the National Adaptation Plan which consist of the data type, source of information, or responsible agency for data collection during the reporting period and includes evaluation methods.
4. The Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning will create a database system for reporting the implementation and monitoring results of the National Adaptation Plan, which can link information on climate change adaptation by sector and having a data reporting structure for monitoring and evaluation of climate change adaptation (Figure 3-2) as shown below.
Figure 6-5 Structure of reporting, monitoring and evaluating data on climate change adaptation.
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