SECTORAL GUIDELINES AND MEASURES

Agriculture and Food Security

Goal

“Maintain production quality and food security amidst climate change risks and impacts”

Indicators

  1. Loss ratio of agricultural production affected by climate change to the country’s Gross Agricultural Production
  2. Extent to which farmers are self-reliant when facing climate-induced disasters

Guideline 1

Goals, Indicators, Guidelines / Measures and responsible agency for Agriculture and Food security

Guidelines / Measures

Guidelines / Measures

Developing an early warning system for the agricultural sector

Outputs

  1. Effective early warning system for the agricultural sector with interlinkages with other related systems established and easily-accessible for famers, especially in disaster -risk areas.

Goals

Short term – Medium term

Lead Agency:

  • Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation
  • Royal Irrigation Department
  • Hydro and Agro Informatics Institute
  • Land Development Department
  • Department of Agriculture
  • Rice Department
  • Department of Royal Rainmaking and Agricultural Aviation

Support agency:

  • Department under Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives

Guidelines / Measures

Develop appropriate agricultural products insurance systems or climate risk insurance.

Outputs

  1. Appropriate agricultural products insurance system or climate risk insurance relevant to Thailand, where farmers in risk areas can use an insurance system.

Goals

Short term – Medium term

Lead Agency:

  • Office of Agricultural Economics
  • Department of Agriculture
  • Ministry of Finance

Support agency:

  • Department under Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives

Guidelines / Measures

Create map for climate-risk agricultural areas and projection of climate change impact at area level as well as, make the information available for farmers to access and apply.

Outputs

  1. Maps of climate-risk agricultural areas and the projection on climate change impacts at the local level available for all areas in Thailand, with interlinkages to other key socio-economic and environmental databases and information transfer channels to areas at risk.

Goals

Short term – Medium term

Lead Agency:

  • Royal Irrigation Department
  • Hydro and Agro Informatics Institute
  • Land Development Department
  • Department of Agriculture
  • Rice Department
  • Department of Royal Rainmaking and Agricultural Aviation

Support agency:

  • Department under Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives

Guidelines / Measures

Promote changes in agricultural practises under the changing climate.

Outputs

  1. Farmers in risk areas have changed their patterns and behaviours.
  2. Agricultural practices adaptive to climate change and suitable for each risk area.

Goals

Short term – Long term

Lead Agency:

Department of Agriculture

  • Department of Agriculture Extension
  • Office of Agricultural Economics

Support agency:

  • Department under Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives

Guidelines / Measures

Promote the improvement of crop/livestock varieties to accommodate the changes in climatic conditions, and support farmers ’access to these varieties.

Outputs

  1. Farmers in the risk areas are able to use the improved crop/livestock varieties effectively in their production processes.

Goals

Short term – Long term

Lead Agency:

Department of Agriculture

  • Rice Department
  • Department of Livestock Development
  • Department of Fisheries
  • Department of Agriculture Extension

Support agency:

  • Department under Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives

Guidelines / Measures

Improve management of livestock systems and products to respond to climate change trends.

Outputs

  1. Farmers in the risk areas are able to develop and improve the livestock management systems and products to respond to climate change. Goals
    Short term – Medium term

Goals

Short term – Medium term

Lead Agency:

Department of Livestock Development

  • Department of Agriculture
  • Department of Agriculture Extension

Support agency:

  • Department under the Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives

Guidelines / Measures

Develop fishery management systems to respond to climate change. 

Outputs

  1. Farmers in the risk areas use the improved varieties for further breeding.
  2. Build coastal erosion protection zones to restore spawning grounds. Establishing coastal erosion protection to protect aquatic animal nurseries.

Goals

Short term – Medium term 

Lead Agency:

Department of Fisheries

  • Department of Agriculture
  • Department of Agriculture Extension

Support agency:

  • Department under Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives

Guidelines / Measures

Support networks’ building for climate change adaptation in the agricultural sector.

Outputs

Cooperation networks on climate change adaptation established, with active early warning systems and exchanges of knowledge, technology, and innovation.

Goals

ระยะสั้น

Lead Agency:

Department of Agriculture Extension

  • Office of Agricultural Economics
  • Private sector

Support agency:

  • Department under Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives

Guidelines / Measures

Enhance farmers’ awareness and knowledge on climate change impacts on agriculture and strengthen their adaptive and climate -risk management capacities.

Outputs

agricultural sector are able to access the databases on research and local wisdom related to climate change impacts and adaptation; and use the knowledge to strengthen their adaptive capacity

Goals

ระยะสั้น

Lead Agency:

Department of Agriculture

  • Department of Agriculture Extension
  • Office of Agricultural Economic

Support agency:

  • Department under Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives

Guideline 2

Maintaining food security

แนวทาง/มาตรการ

Guidelines / Measures

Develop precision farming to reduce costs that farmers can access and use widely.

Outputs

Farmers can access and apply technology and innovation of precision farming in agricultural systems appropriately.

Goals

Short term – Medium term

Lead Agency:

  • Department of Agriculture
  • Rice Department
  • Department of Livestock Development
  • Department of Fisheries

Support agency:

  • Department under Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives
  • Geo-Informatics and Space Technology Development

Guidelines / Measures

Develop and improve water resources management efficiency of agricultural areas in irrigation areas that are at risk of floods and drought.

Outputs

Water-use framework integrated in water resources management in agriculture and other sectors, for irrigated agricultural areas.

Goals

Short term – Long term

Lead Agency:

  • Royal Irrigation Department

Support agency:

  • Department under Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives
  • Local Administrative Organizations

Guidelines / Measures

Develop water sources in non-irrigated zone to be more effective and sufficient to meet the demand for crops and livestock .

Outputs

An improved rainfall reserve system in place, and on-farm small-scale water resources developed in non-irrigated zones in risk areas, with effective management.

Goals

Short term – Medium term

Lead Agency:

Royal Irrigation Department

  • Land Development Department
  • Department of Water Resources

Support agency:

  • Department under Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives
  • Geo-Informatics and Space Technology Development
  • Local Administrative Organizations

Guidelines / Measures

Promote conservation, restoration and maintenance of soil fertility in agricultural areas with soil degradation.

Outputs

Farmers in degraded-soil areas conserving agriculture, rehabilitating and maintaining soil fertility and receive higher yields per unit. A reduction in degraded-soil areas in the country.

Goals

Short term – Long term

Lead Agency:

  • Land Development Department
  • Department of Environmental Quality Promotion

Support agency:

  • Department under Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives

Guidelines / Measures

Promote Agro-economic zone suitable for areas with potential.

Outputs

  1. Define Agro-economics zone.
  2. Promote agricultural land-use in-line with Agro-economic Zone suitable for areas with potential, covering whole country

Goals

Short term – Long term

Lead Agency:

  • Office of Agricultural Economics
  • Department of Agriculture
  • Royal Irrigation Department
  • Land Development Department

Support agency:

  • Department under Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives
  • Geo-Informatics and Space Technology Development

Guidelines / Measures

Develop national food reservation system with efficient food distribution mechanisms.

Outputs

Effective food reservation system and food distribution mechanism at national level.

Goals

Short term – Long term

Lead Agency:

  • Office of Agricultural Economics
  • Rice Department
  • Department of Agriculture
  • Department of Fisheries
  • Department of Livestock Development

Support agency:

  • Department under Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives

Guidelines / Measures

Support research, development and technology promotion to reduce food loss and food waste of agricultural products.

Outputs

Research and technology that reduces food loss and food waste of agricultural products.

Goals

Short term – Long term

Lead Agency:

  • Office of Agricultural Economics
  • Rice Department
  • Department of Agriculture
  • Department of Fisheries
  • Department of Livestock Development

Support agency:

  • Department under Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives

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